Sir M Polonius on The Catt Anomaly


 Beware of the bull       Praise of Academics     The New Scholasticism   Throwing glasses at stone houses

Portrait of a Drivelmaster… A one-electron man. Can’t handle a whole row of them.

Win a five hundred pound prize





As the wave travels at light velocity, then charge supplied from outside the system would have to travel at light velocity as well, which is clearly impossible. - Pepper , above.


I conclude that the 'Josephson view' remains correct, while the alternative is based on the incorrect idea that the electrons would have to travel at the speed of light if they arrived along the 'east west' axis. - Josephson

Pepper has confirmed that he agrees with my analysis. - Brian J.


Hamlet. Do you see yonder cloud that's almost the shape of a camel?

Polonius. By th' mass, and 'tis like a camel indeed.

Hamlet. Methinks it is like a weasel.

Polonius. It is back'd like a weasel.

Hamlet. Or a whale?

Polonius. Very like a whale.

Hamlet. .... .... [Aside] They fool me to the top of my bent. ....


Dear Bas Lago ,

Why did your hero betray you? If you cannot trust someone

"knighted for services to physics" , then whom can you follow? Should you try to gain some expertise of your own? Do they knight mountebanks "for services to physics", or for other services? Does that make you a mountebank?
Was Pepper the only man who supported
your defiance of Gauss's Law , (and therefore one of Maxwell's Equations)? Did you get the courage to do so from Pepper and/or from cronies in the IEE? Why was Dr. Arnold Lynch's death ignored by the IEE? - Ivor Catt

"Catt's belief in his own work is clearly sincere, but this reviewer, after lengthy and careful consideration, can find virtually nothing of value in this book." - B LAGO , 1994


Pepper's Rabbit

"The important point is that Secker wrote that his IEE experts had backed the wrong horse, opting for Cambridge with its aberrant Pepper; (defying Gauss's Law, by) producing charge from the south from inside the conductor like a rabbit from a hat. The IEE opted for prestige rather than for the more tenable explanation from lowly Bradford [and now Josephson - 2007]; that the charge came from the west, and somehow managed to do so even though it travelled too slowly." - "The Catt Anomaly", 1996



[The obituary below was given in the USA in the IEEE]

Arnold Charles Lynch BSc MS PhD CEng FIEE (1914-2004)

J Patrick Wilson.

Arnold Lynch was a founder member of the Science, Education and Technology Division of the IEE, an active member of the Archives Committee and instrumental in setting up the annual weekend meetings on the History of Electrical Engineering, most of which he attended. In addition he was a lively contributor to discussions, a most helpful and informative correspondent with many colleagues, and a popular after-dinner speaker. He was an avid reader of the ‘Dipole’ column in IEE News and solver of its puzzles. He received at least six IEE premiums for lectures or papers. Arnold was born in Tottenham, North London, on 3 June 1914, where his father was a headmaster. His parents, who were active in the Labour party, named him after Matthew Arnold. He won a scholarship to Dame Alice Owen’s School in Islington and from there went to Emmanuel College Cambridge where he studied under Rutherford and G F Searle, and attended a rather dated lecture course given by the ageing J J Thomson. In 1936, after a short spell making amplifiers, he entered the Post Office by competitive examination and worked at their Research Station at Dollis Hill until his retirement in 1974. During this time he gained a BSc in psychology through evening classes at Birkbeck College and, shortly before his retirement, Cambridge University awarded him a PhD for his contributions to electrical engineers. At Dollis Hill he was involved in a wide variety of research projects including measurements of permeability and permittivity of magnetic and dielectric materials and the measurement and application of piezo-electric devices. He developed many new measuring techniques, such as that for the capacitance between conductors in a multiway cable so that crosstalk and interference could be minimised over long distances. During the war a variety of secret projects arose whose purpose was not disclosed although Arnold admitted he made his own guesses. One problem for him was whether it was possible for the enemy to detect magnetic compasses secreted in RAF uniform buttons. When the war was over he was sent to Germany to interview scientists, including Heisenberg, about their work. In 1974 he took up retirement work, first at City University, where he developed high voltagetechniques to measure the flow of electricity in the power link between France and England. Atthe Polytechnic of the South Bank he investigated the breakdown of insulators at high voltages, and at University College London he worked on open resonators at millimetric wavelengths for free-space measurement of ferrites. His major retirement work was at NPL where he developed non-contact methods for measuring resistivity which found application in checking the heat-treatment of aircraft components and in identifying coins in slot-machines. He also taught mathematics at Open University summer schools for about ten years, and was involved in the rebuilding of Colossus, providing many technical details from memory. His hobby interests included classical music, skiing, sailing, cycling and motor cycling, an old Rolls-Royce, bridge and local history. 6
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Arnold married Edith Taylor in 1953 and they settled in Potter’s Bar. She was a teacher of the deaf and enjoyed accompanying him on many of the weekend meetings. She died in February and he in November 2004, at the age of 90. They are survived by a son and a daughter, their younger daughter died in infancy. He made many contributions to the history of electrical engineering, including lectures at Savoy Place on J J Thomson’s discovery of the electron, ‘Half the electron’ and ‘Blumlein’s transformerbridge network’. These were later published in ESEJ as well as a paper on ‘Four pioneer deep-sea cables’. His sixteen contributions to the IEE History weekends covered several recurring themes as well asmiscellaneous subjects such as the ether (1981) and electromagnetic theory (1998), biographies of Fleeming Jenkin (1986) and Heaviside (1988) and the Variac (1997). Four concerned computers as Arnold had been involved in what is now regarded as the world’s first digital computer. This was Colossus and its prototype Heath Robinson, used for deciphering the German teleprinter-based Lorentz machines and the Geheimschreiber. Arnold’s contribution to the project (vide 1978 paper) was an optical reader for the punched tape output, which used crescent-shaped windows so that the circular punched hole would produce a rectangular pulse from the photocell. Interestingly, his optical reader was a derivative of the Post Office speaking clock (1990). The camera for this was later used in a number of WW2 projects to record the sounds of planes, helicopters and tanks for training purposes, as well as the Auto-Teller for RAF Fighter CommandHQ. This was a crude form of speech synthesiser in which sequences from a limited vocabulary of words recorded on a glass disc could be selected by a code sent on a narrow-band telegraph line. In his third computer paper (1984), Arnold discussed mechanical and electromechanical systemsof data storage: punched tape; thermionic valves; capacitors; cathode ray tubes; mercury and quartz delay lines; magnetic techniques; semiconductors; and the threaded magnetic core storesthat he was involved with. His fourth paper (1999) was a tribute to the late T H Flowers who wasthe leader of the Colossus project and whose involvement stemmed from the use of indirectly-heated thermionic valves in telephone exchanges. Arnold contributed several papers on the history of measuring techniques (1993, 2001), units, material standards (1980, 1982, 1983) and in his last paper (2003) he described himself as ‘almost retired’! He also had a great interest in submarine cables: both the pioneering telegraph ones andthe first telephone cable (TAT1) in which he was personally involved (1995). This was a joint UK/UK/Canadian venture requiring a series of amplifiers and a much better coaxial cable, usingpolythene insulation, a British invention. Unfortunately US polythene appeared to behave differently under pressure from that measured by Arnold. Fortunately he was able to convincethem that this was due to the measuring techniques, thus avoiding foreign payments for‘American’ polythene. Over the years Arnold Lynch worked on a wide variety of interesting topics and we are fortunate in having this legacy of recorded information as well as happy memories of a friend and colleague. Thanks are due to Arnold’s family and former colleagues, and to the IET Archives for much of the above information. 7